Dr. Thomas Tani Ladd, a Harvard Medical School professor and the father of modern immunology, is a rare breed of immunologist.
Laid out on a podium in Stockholm, he was awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize for medicine, the first Nobel Prize given to a female scientist in history.
Tania Ladd was born in New York City in 1926 and grew up in California, where her father was a prominent pediatrician.
She became interested in medicine in the 1970s and joined the Harvard Medical school’s Immunology Department in 1972.
Her research interests include how immune systems work, how diseases are transmitted and how vaccines are developed.
“We live in a very diverse society,” said Ladd.
“So it is very rare that a woman will win the Nobel for her work in immunology.
She has made a significant contribution to the field.”
Dr. Latt Ladd won the Nobel in medicine for his work on the development of a vaccine that prevents hepatitis C in people with a weakened immune system.
The vaccine was developed by the Boston Children’s Hospital and made its FDA-approved debut in 2003.
Lachlan Ladd became a prominent member of the medical community after a family medical problem ended his life.
He worked as an oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, where he developed an antibody to a type of cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma.
He was a co-discoverer of the antibody in the 1990s and was among the first to show it to patients in the United States.
In 2001, Lachlaan was awarded a MacArthur “genius” grant for his research.
He died in 2006.
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Dr. Shoshana Gorman, a New York-based immunologist who was diagnosed with leukemia at age 40.
She developed the antibodies against the disease that she has been fighting since she was 16.
Dr. Gorman is now 80 years old and received the Nobel Peace prize for her efforts.
Andrew W. Chan, an infectious disease specialist at the University of California, San Francisco, and William C. Thompson, an immunologist at the National Institutes of Health, are among the scientists who won Nobel Peace Prizes for their work on HIV.
Chan is also the author of a new book on HIV that will be published in 2017.
Thompson won the 2013 Nobel Peace Medal in recognition of his work in the field of HIV/AIDS.
He is the founder of the International HIV Society.
Dr Michael J. D’Antonio, a professor of medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the chairman of the department of pathology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Medicine, won the 2009 Nobel Peace Award in recognition for his efforts in understanding HIV/ AIDS.
Dr David M. Dinges, an associate professor of neurology and neuroscience at the Massachusetts General Hospital, is an internationally recognized expert in how brain disorders like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s are caused by the disease of Lewy bodies, the brain’s protective cells that form part of the immune system that protect us from disease.
He earned the Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine in 2014 for his discoveries of a protein that helps maintain the integrity of nerve cells in the brain and his discoveries about the role of serotonin in controlling brain function.
He also was awarded an honorary doctorate of medicine in 2016 by the Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Dr Paul J. Weisberg, a psychiatrist who is the director of the National Institute of Mental Health, is credited with developing the theory that the mind is like a computer, and that its functions are guided by the brain.
He has worked with patients, doctors and scientists to understand the role that memory, emotion and motivation play in cognition.
In 2009, Weisberger received the National Medal of Science, the highest civilian honor in the history of the United Nations.
“He has been a pioneer in this field,” said Dr. Peter R. Weidmann, president of the Association of American Medical Colleges.
“His research has been groundbreaking, but he has also had tremendous impact on our understanding of how our brains work and how we can modify and modify the brain to help people live a better life.”
Drs Richard L. Dolan and Michael D. Wechsler, members of the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences, are the founders of the Center for the Study of Excellence in the Brain at Columbia University.
Their research focuses on how the brain is organized and how it works.
Dr Lachra N. Laxman, a neuroscientist at Columbia, received the 2011 Nobel Prize.
Dr Tani R. Laskar, an epidemiologist at the American University in India, was awarded for her research on malaria prevention.
Dr Robert A. Cogley, the director and chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Johns Hopkins University